Until 2014, the percentage of indigenous people living in poverty in Mexico was 73.2 percent, a figure that has been increasing because the percentage represents 500,000 more people than in 2012, says the Senate’s Belisario Dominguez Institute (IBD).
In the context of the International Day of the World’s Indigenous People, in its edition of “Al día: las cifras hablan”, the IBD highlights the conditions of poverty and discrimination in which the country’s indigenous communities find themselves.
They are more likely to fall into poverty simply because they are indigenous, at around 38 percent, which is almost double the rate of the non-indigenous population, which is 20 percent.
In terms of extreme poverty, they are also the most affected, as 31.8 percent of the indigenous population in Mexico is in this situation; compared to 7.1 percent of the non-indigenous population.
Mexico ranks eighth in the world, among the countries with the largest number of indigenous peoples; and is the second country in the Americas – after Peru – with the largest population of ethnic origin, which resides primarily in rural and highly marginalized areas, according to the IBD.
The indigenous population in Mexico exceeds the number of inhabitants in countries such as Bolivia, Cuba, Ecuador, El Salvador, Honduras, Nicaragua, Panama, the Dominican Republic and Uruguay.
And 75 percent of indigenous people are concentrated in eight states: Oaxaca (24.4 percent), Chiapas (14.2 percent), Veracruz (9.2 percent), State of Mexico (9.1 percent), Puebla (9.1 percent), Yucatan (8.8 percent), Guerrero (5.7 percent) and Hidalgo (5 percent).
The International Day of the World’s Indigenous People was established by the United Nations General Assembly on December 23, 1994, and is celebrated every August 9.
To learn more about the indigenous population in Mexico, such as their linguistic distribution, migration, the socio-economic disadvantages they suffer and the trafficking of indigenous girls, you can consult the full document of the General Directorate of Legislative Analysis Belisario Dominguez Institute of the Senate of the Republic