The nearly four million indigenous children and adolescents face a lack of infrastructure and teaching staff, contributing to their sub-basic level of achievement compared to urban public schools, according to the Report on the Educational Panorama of the Indigenous Population 2015, prepared by the National Institute for Educational Evaluation and UNICEF.
In Mexico, it is estimated that by 2014 the indigenous population will be just over 11.9 million people, representing 10 per cent of the country’s total population. Of these, almost 4 million are children and adolescents between the ages of 3 and 17.
Among indigenous children and adolescents, a little over 1.8 million speak an indigenous language, of which more than 1.4 million live in rural areas, approximately 312,000 in semi-urban areas and more than 100,000 in urban areas.
Coneval measurements estimate that in 2014, 73.2% of the population in indigenous households was in poverty and 21.8% in a situation of vulnerability due to social deprivation or income, and that only 5% were not poor and vulnerable.
Between 2008 and 2014 there was a percentage increase in the population in indigenous households and in the population speaking indigenous languages in a situation of poverty, rising from 71 to 73.2% in the indigenous population and from 75.9 to 78.4% in the population speaking indigenous languages.
With regard to child poverty, in 2014, 53.9% of the population between the ages of 0 and 17 – 21.4 million people – were in a situation of poverty, while in the case of indigenous people or speakers of indigenous languages it was 18.6 and 90.8%, respectively.
In 2014, 6.3% of the population aged 15 years or more was illiterate, a condition that is three times higher among the indigenous population (19.2%) and among the population that speaks indigenous languages at a quarter of the total (25.1%).